There are many assumptions about breeding for colour especially with the increasing availability of equine genetics to the public. More and more “breeders” are certainly breeding for colour, evident by beautifully coloured marked foals with no obvious thought for conformation, pedigree, temperament, registrations or performance and the list can go on…
No horse has perfect conformation, beauty is and always will be in the eye of the beholder, one reason why we prove the Redhearts in the ring, every Judge has their “ideal” type and colour should never come before confirmation. The rules are simply based on 60% conformation and 40% colour in “Most Colourful Class’s”.
Early this year we contributed a few images of our Appaloosas to aid the explanation of their genotype for the first French written book of equine genetics and it’s scientific approach to the colours of horses. It’s Author Laure Marandet has created an excellent book which explains the process of colourisation and hair dilution in horses. We are certainly privileged to have contributed to this publication.
LES ROBES DES CHEVAUX: Approche génétique et scientifique des couleurs des chevaux.
April 2017 – Redheart Reality imprinted at birth 27/04/17
May 2017 – Redheart Reality and his dam join the heard
June 2017 – Redheart Reality happily enjoying his own feed bowl
July 2017 – Redheart Reality poses for his passport photos
August 2017 – Redheart Reality loses his foal coat and we witness the huge colour change
September 2017 – Redheart Reality developing very nicely
October 2017 – Redheart Reality is weaned
November 2017 – Redheart Reality is castrated
December 2017 – Redheart Reality content to be stabled during the bad weather
January 2018 – Redheart Reality accepts restricted turn out during the winter months
February 2018 – Redheart Reality winters well and re-joins the herd
March 2018 – Redheart Reality experiences the first snowfall
April 2018 – Redheart Reality becomes 1 year old and loses his winter coat
May 2018 – Redheart Reality wins the In Hand Reserve Champion award at Royal Windsor
June 2018 – Redheart Reality is trained from the field and enjoys his rest
July 2018 – Redheart Reality learning the ways within a herd
August 2018 – Redheart Reality attends the ApHC UK National Show, taking Reserve Champion Most Colourful, Reserve Champion Gelding and Reserve Champion Youngstock.
August 2018 – Redheart Reality attends the BApS National Show, taking Reserve Champion Youngstock, Reserve Male Champion and the Reserve Supreme Champion.
September 2018 – Redheart Reality ?
When a person requires images and video’s of a horse, that is never a problem. Nothing better on a nice day waiting to capture that perfect stride with the ears forward. However, it’s rather difficult when you have an inquisitive 5-month-old foal who wanted to be in on the action!
We achieved a few shots of Redheart Regal and then snapped away at Baby Ru who got quite upset as I kept asking her to move out of my way but how could I not take pictures of this stunning filly.
So last weekend, our repro vet Mark Georgetti gave us his time, his patience and his expertise by sex scanning our three mares at around 60 days. We would like two fillies to continue our breeding programme with the semen stored from Hevans EV Catorrius (Reus). The only mares unrelated to him are Princesse Pascale and Caricks Redheart. You cannot breed two non-characteristic Appaloosas’s, (maybe one day the rule will change) therefore our fillies need to be heterozygous or homozygous.
We have inseminated all our mares with fresh semen from DFR
Left to right, Princesse Pascale carrying a filly, Peyres Catori Cat carrying a colt and Caricks Redheart also carrying a colt.
The 60-day ultrasound identified our mares are carrying single live fetuses. Mark was very patient to find the view required and eventually the genital tubercle was located.
We are grateful our mares are in foal and the foetuses are “single” and “alive”, we pray the gestation and births follow suit!
Peyres Catori Cat, who is Reus’ dam is carrying a colt and Caricks Redheart is also carrying a colt.
Princess Pascale is carrying the next future Redheart filly, how ecstatic are we?
We await Redheart Pascalius’s (Reu’s half-sister) sex scan at the end of the month, our GAP 6 foal is definitely a filly or a colt though!!!!
At 61 days gestation, our last mare Redheart Pascalius (Evee) has been sexed scanned.
The live scan definitely showed a filly but the picture I took looks like a colt, so time will tell.
Redheart’s first GAP 6 foal (six generation of Appaloosa x Appaloosa breeding).
The genital tubercle (which eventually will become the penis in a colt and the clitoris in a filly) develops on the midline of the fetuses, between the hind legs. The structure moves towards the umbilicus in a colt and toward the anus in a filly.
Our ten-year plan is now well underway, we have imported new Appaloosa blood into the UK, we have shown in-hand all our “foundation” breeding stock and strongly believe our stock have earned their merits to breed, now we begin competing under saddle.
We have tested all the stock’s genes to clarify breeding forward with clear genetics. By definition, breeding negative mares to negative stallions can only result in negative foals. HERDA – Hereditary Equine Regional Dermal Asthenia, GBED – Glycogen Branching Enzyme Deficiency, HYPP – Equine Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis Disease and MH – Malignant Hyperthermia and of course the two most important here in the UK as Appaloosa registration default, the Grey gene, and PSSM1 – Polysaccharide Storage Myopathy.
For our own interest, we have tested the “foundation” stock for their colour and Appaloosa genetic makeup. It’s good to know what percentage of chance you have for specific color and coat patterns. One definite result we will never know is the gender, although saying that, our 2016 sex scans were correct.
The British Appaloosa Society (BApS) and the Appaloosa Horse Club UK (ApHC UK) have very strict guidelines for breeding registered purebred Appaloosas. We make sure our paperwork is fault free with DNA on file, genetic tests, stallion licensing and of course pedigree percentages. Redheart Appaloosa Stud pride themselves on not only ensuring completed registration certificates but the highest of the grades possible from each mating, being 100% Foundation Pedigree Designation (FPD), Generation Advancement Programme (GAP 5 or GAP 6) with Appaloosa Horse Club and GRADE A or STUD BOOK with the British Appaloosa Society. Our horses are overstamped with the Sports Horse Society and all foals are eligible.
We treat our mares like “princesses”, they are very important and are not breeding machines. We believe in quality, not quantity. The current supply of “Appaloosa’s” is high and the demand is low and if you’re looking for a spotty horse, then the market is plentiful, it is only through education will people understand the history of a Purebred Appaloosa, albeit BApS or ApHC UK registered. The current market offers some wonderful spotty horses, but beware and ask the right questions, not every spotty horse is an Appaloosa. The realisation that the purebred Appaloosa is a rare breed in the UK with less than twelve 100% FPD horses, less than six GAP 5 horses, not one GAP 6 and there are less than ten British Appaloosa Society Stud Book registered horses. (These figures might have increased to date).
We treasure our stallion, DFR Patahas Redheart, his age is a huge advantage to the longevity of the stud and his colour test confirmed homozygous black with a cream gene and homozygous PATN1 with foundation lines traced back to the first 8 Stud Books of the ApHC at 92.9687%. We know we have something quite unique, a very rare find in the Appaloosa world and one of a kind here in the UK.
Many studs and stallion owners allow their stallion to run with mares, some cover in hand and it works perfectly fine. On the other hand, some owners have seen and experienced detrimental damage to their stallions and mares under these conditions. Trying to limit the damage of such accidents we have stored frozen semen from our stallion Reus before castrating him, allowing him to have a rich life among his relations. Planning ahead with our stallion Blu, we have established a small AI unit, consisting of stocks, a basic lab, and a dummy mare. Certified by the Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (DEFRA) as a UK AI technician I have the certificate of competence in AI of equines.
We are delighted to announce Princess Pascale, Caricks Redheart and Peyres Catori Cat are scanned in foal, due early April 2019.
We await Redheart Pascalius to come into season, looks like we will be busy next year!.
After a long winter, the ground has certainly dried and the spring grass is coming through.
Over the last week, our mares have joined our two yearlings, Regent and Reality in the pasture. Slowly increasing the amount of time spent grazing, they haven’t come up for air!
And then…waking up to this view!
Redheart Appaloosa Stud specialises in the breeding, showing and promotion of purebred Appaloosas to achieve what our breed is known for – versatility, athleticism, stamina and the heart to compete in any equine discipline.
Redheart Appaloosas breed purebred Appaloosas (30/30) with a 5 generation pedigree and our horses are a “cocktail” of height, colour, stature and pedigree percentages.
We ensure our mating’s are created to complement each foal, aiming for the perfect Appaloosa.
Redheart Appaloosas provide all registration documents, pedigree, genetics and colour test certificates and all our horses are negative for the 5-panel test and the Grey Gene.
We shall not forget where we started, 14th February 2008 travelling to France and importing Peyres Catori Cat and a year later, travelling to Austria and importing another weanling, Princesse Pascale. Both fillies imported to become our “Foundation” broodmares.
Ten years on both mares have produced seven wonderful foals between them, creating a unique gene pool in the UK and enabling the Stud to expand, continuing on our journey, enhancing the Foundation Appaloosa bloodline.
We created a plan, we have implemented the plan and we have stuck to our plan. Ten years on, we have superior broodmares and an exceptional unrelated stallion.
The future Redheart foals can only exceed our high standards and expectations of breeding PURE Appaloosas.
Appy Redheart Valentines
The Winter With The Redheart Appaloosas
At 6 am the stable lights go on and at 6 pm I’ll straighten the bed
Without a doubt, come rain or snow, out in the corral they must go
Stretching their legs and keeping their head, it’s never long before they’re fed
Our stallion likes to smell the air and our broodmares like to stand and stare
The yearlings love to buck and run, they really have so much fun
The rest are easily pleased as we wait for spring it seems
There’s always one that loves to roll, the one by the gate see’s the feed bowel
The night-blind horses can see in the day but in the dark, only the light shows the way
They follow me with never a doubt, they trust me when they go out
The days are stolen and I want them back, never time for cleaning tack
I used the camera and as you can see, the horses are posers, just like thee
Peyres Catori Cat
DFR Patahas Redheart
A mare and foal have a very strong bond. Princesse Pascale and Peyres Catori Cat have both displayed the normal reactions to their foals and kept them close.
It’s also very normal for the foals to venture away from their dams, not too far, generally running around them. Regent and Reality have passed close to each other a few times and today they met!
As each day passes, the foals start to socialize, it’s a beautiful sight. One minute Regent is playing the dominant foal and the next minute its Reality’s turn.
Here are a few pictures, when they met for the first time.
I’m not sure if it’s the mare or the foal who “release” The Apron String?
- Paula Cooper
- Why Redheart?
- The Class of 2021 – The Window of opportunity… May 23, 2021
- The Class of 2021 – The First Blade of Grass… May 16, 2021
- The Class of 2021 – The First Turn-out May 9, 2021
- The Class 2021 – THE FIRST 48 HOURS April 1, 2021
- The Class of 2021 – STAGE 3 – Passing The Placenta March 1, 2021