The Class of 2021 – The Window of opportunity…

We initially rely on our mares to help teach the foals to lead and stand.
We take full advantage of a small window of opportunity when the foals only want to follow their dams, when the apron’s strings are broken they are happy to be lead alone.

The Class of 2021 – The First Turn-out

In conjunction with Farm & Stable Supplies for supporting the Appaloosa Horse Club (ApHC) UK 2021 Photo Competition. Thank you 🙂

There is no doubt turnout is best for new-born foals, enabling them to develop physically and mentally. All our mare’s and foals have individual turnout in the safety area of the duracorral before they are turned out in the field together.

Here are the first few days of their lives outside the barn…


The Class of 2021 – STAGE 3 – Passing The Placenta

In conjunction with Farm & Stable Supplies for supporting the Appaloosa Horse Club (ApHC) UK 2021 Photo Competition. Thank you 🙂

STAGE 3 of foaling is known as delivery of the placenta. The mare’s uterus continues to contract after foaling which causes the placenta to be expelled BUT so much more happens before the placenta is expelled.

So, the foals are safely out, either our mares get up or our foals crawl to their dam’s head but either way the umbilical cord breaks and the foals begin their first mission, to get to their feet. Their second mission is to find the milk bar, both missions are challenging, we only intervene if required to do so.

Our mares’ bond with their foals by licking, nuzzling, and nickering to them, it is wonderful to watch.

During the processes of the foals’ natural instincts, to stand and feed, the mare’s body is constantly experiencing the pain of contractions, the ultimate result we wait for is a placenta that is completely intact.

Once we are satisfied the foal has properly latched on and nursed, the foal has urinated and passed the meconium and most of all the placenta is intact, only then do we leave them, knowing we have done everything possible to ensure a great start to their new life.

Here’s a little video:

The Class 2021 – STAGE 2 FOALING

In conjunction with Farm & Stable Supplies for supporting the Appaloosa Horse Club (ApHC) UK  2021 Photo Competition. Thank you 🙂

As the contraction persist, we witness the bulge of the white fluid-filled amniotic sac from the vulva followed by every breeder’s delight, two front feet and a nose. We wait and watch and talk to our mares, we know our mares well and they need to know I am there.

As the contraction persist, the feet and nose pop in and out of their vulvas, it is common for a mare to get up and back down as she repositions her foal for ease of delivery. The head and front feet are now out… Then, a few hard pushes that result in the shoulders passing through the birth canal and eventually the foal is out!

Telling them how well they have done and keeping everything calm, they whinny and look at their new-born and stay lying down which is beneficial for the foal to receive as much blood as possible to pass through the umbilical cord.

Right or wrong, we always pull out the back feet out, we know too many stories of foals trying to crawl whilst the feet are inside the mare whilst she is led down, the result can be detrimental to the mare, so we take no risks.

Whilst the foal is out, we gently clear the nasal passage of any fluid, imprint them before the mares get up or the foal crawl to the mares head and allow the bonding process to begin.

Either the mare will stay down, and the foal will start to crawl towards her, or the mare will get up and their first meet is just beautiful. This is their first bond, all our mares are great mothers, they are kind and do their foals well, we leave them bond.

Here’s a little video:

The Class of 2021 – STAGE 1 – Signs of imminent FOALING

In conjunction with Farm & Stable Supplies for supporting the Appaloosa Horse Club (ApHC) UK  2021 Photo Competition. Thank you 🙂

The Redheart Mare’s – Stage ONE of foaling and the imminent signs!

We keep our mares in a strict routine and when the doors are shut and a loud “night night” is yelled down the barn, the horses know it is quiet time and safe to foal.

Before foaling begins the mares must go through STAGE ONE of labour, a point prior to foaling when the mares look like they are showing signs of colic, box walking, kicking their bellies, rubbing their rear ends, lying down and getting up repeatedly, holding their tails up, looking at the flanks, nipping or kicking at the abdomen, sweating, frequently urinate and pass droppings, walking around, picking at bits of hay, pawing the ground, some show signs of yawning, chewing and generally looking restless with an obvious change in behaviour and generally looking uncomfortable.

We watch them closely as we wait for them to settle and not get worse…this is due to a hormone released which creates uterine contractions and the foal rotates from its back, onto its belly with its forelegs and head extended towards the mare’s vagina, it moves into position for ready for delivery.

It can last for hours with “breaks” in between or it can be consistent before foaling commences, either way, all mares are different, their pain thresh hold levels are different and all will show some of the signs mentioned. We watch them with a careful eye especially the maiden, she really has no idea what’s going on!

Here is a little video:


In conjunction with Farm & Stable Supplies for supporting the Appaloosa Horse Club (ApHC) UK  2021 Photo Competition. Thank you 🙂

Let us go back to November 2019 when we stabled our 5 mares through the winter months under at least 11 hours of artificial light, come early February 2020, our mares were cycling and obviously in season. We collected semen from our stallion and artificially inseminated the mares.

At their 14–16-day scan, the Vet was able to confirm the mares were pregnant and by the size of the embryo’s we could work out what date the mares ovulated. From this date, we worked out the estimated date of their foaling due dates.

From the time of conception, the mares lived a normal life out in the field within the herd. During the third trimester of pregnancy, foals do the majority of their growing, so we start the mares on a little stud mix and gradually build up the quantity.

With one month to go, the mares are introduced into a new routine, being stabled each night, each mare has her own stable, this enables her body to build up immunity to her new surroundings which are passed onto the foal. The mares are dewormed, have a Flu and tetanus vaccine and the last trim from the farrier prior to foaling, all are routine for us and all for the benefit of the mares and foals as we start our new evening TV show… Foal Watch.

We are now prepared, if there is anything missing from our foaling kit, it is sleep! No matter if this is your first foaling or your 100th, you do not want to miss it…the thought of creating a life and not being prepared to take accountability for any complications that might occur is something we take very seriously.

Counting down the days, we observe their udders and vulvas at 6am and 6pm, these are key to all the signs of imminent foaling. As the week approaches to each due date, we take note of the loss of appetite for hay, they have adlib hay and as soon as this becomes bedding, we know things are starting to progress. As we increase their hard feed, we introduce a sloppy grass mash with salt, this ensures they drink plenty of water to prevent their droppings change to a firmer texture.

As we watch their evening stable TV routine show, we note their behaviour, we like to say it is a “textbook” foaling but never have we witnesses two foaling’s the same, not even from the same mare. Every mare has a different pain threshold, but the fact remains they all must go through the same process with or without those obvious signs they are supposed to show us…

Here is a little video of our 5 mares:

Pure Appaloosa Breeding – Future Bloodlines

Our Stallion – DFR Patahas Redheart certainly is a huge asset to our breeding plan.
Disregard the performance record, ignore the genetics reports, forget about conformation, and overlook the temperament and you are left with The Pedigree…

These horses in Blu’s pedigree are listed on The Appaloosa Horse Club Hall of Fame (established in 1986 to recognize the unique contributions and positive impact individual horses have made on the ApHC).

Thank you to Talisman Horses for this document – Ancestors

APACHE 1942 – ApHC Hall of Fame 1986 – Apache was known as “Performance Star Extraordinaire,” and his blood runs deep in some of today’s champions. 7 X Nat. Champ. named by The Horse Digest as 1 of the top 100 racehorses of all time, in any breed. Won either a Ch. or Res. Ch. Performance Horse title in each of the five National Shows he competed in. Won 16 of 19 race starts. 1948, 1949, & 1950 National Ch.
PRINCE PLAUDIT 1963 – ApHC Hall of Fame 1988 – Top sire with get winning in both halter and performance events. A two-time national Get-of-Sire Champion. Sired winners of one gold, three silver, and 19 bronze medallions. He sired 637 registered foals and 45 of his get also produced medallion winners. He won a bronze production plaque in 1976.
PATCHY 1939 – ApHC Hall of Fame 1986 – Bred in the ApHC’s first year and became known as the “picture horse” because of his vivid colour and correct conformation. Champion Stallion at the first National show. 1948 National Champion Aged Stallion & National Grand Champion Stallion, 1952 National Champion Performance Horse, 1953 National Champion Get of Sire 1955 & 1959 Res National Champion.
CHIEF OF FOURMILE 1952 – ApHC Hall of Fame 1988 – National Champion Performance Horse in 1955, 1956 & 1958, the only horse to win this title three times. National Race winner, Stakes Winner and World Champion Nez Perce Stake winner. A popular painting of this horse drew attention to the Appaloosa breed. He sired 107 registered foals.
JOKER B 1941 – ApHC Hall of Fame 1988 – The 1962 National Champion Get-of-Sire, and in the top three for Get-of-Sire in 1957, 1963, and 1966. World & National Champion Sire, Champion Running Sire X2, First place in the 220-yard race in 1956. Sire of 3 World Champions, 9 National Champions and 1 Running Champion. He was an influential sire, and during the 1960s this horse was greatly responsible for the promotion of the Appaloosa breed by way of his extensive campaigning and numerous public appearances. He sired 196 registered foals.
RED EAGLE 1946 – ApHC Hall of Fame 1988 – He was a charismatic horse and was the first National Champion Halter Horse. National Champion titles include Get-of-Sire and Aged Stallions, both in 1957. He greatly influenced West Coast activities during the 1940s and 1950s. He sired 74 registered foals.
SUNDANCE 500 1933 – ApHC Hall of Fame 1988 – He antedated the registry and was a popular sire. A participant in the U.S. Government’s remount program, he founded one of the more well-known leopard colour families, many of the leopard lines today may still be traced to him.
RED EAGLE’S PEACOCK 1953 – ApHC Hall of Fame 1996 – A two-time national halter champion, by earning a 1956 National Halter title. The stallion’s conformation was deemed so impressive that his image was frequently used as an ideal example of the Appaloosa horse.
PATCHY JR 1952 – ApHC Hall of Fame 2005 – Successful in the show ring and passed his talent along to his get, he sired 100 registered foals and had more than 30 halter and performance championships to his name when he retired from showing at age 12. The stallion won National titles in yearling stallions, 2-year-old stallions, 3-year-old stallions, trail, get of sire, National grand champion stallion, reserve champion stallion—twice, premier sire of performance horses and titles at the Colorado state fairs including grand champion stallion, English pleasure champion, western pleasure, trail, Camas Prairie stump race, Nez Perce stake race and heritage.
His descendants have competed in events from western pleasure to reining, gymkhana, racing and halter in the United States, Canada and Europe. Remembered as an athletic, versatile, and well-mannered champion and sire.
BAMBI E 1954 – ApHC Hall of Fame 2008 -. This stallion shaped much of South Dakota’s Appaloosa industry as his leopard colouring made him the first of his kind in the state, which drew much attention to the horse. The stallion’s sudden popularity caused a surging interest in Appaloosas. The stallion was named high-point performance and high-point halter stallion in South Dakota; he also won open reining classes in Scottsbluff, Nebraska, and Rapid City, South Dakota. His show career was short, but he was quite prolific as a sire of performance and halter horses and sired National Champions.

Our mares will add the following ApHC Hall of Fame Appaloosas to their progeny by DFR Patahas Redheart.

THE EXECUTIVE 1973 – ApHC Hall of Fame 1993 – Who won every class he entered but one (he was reserve) and became National Champion Two Year-Old Stallion, he has more than 40 medallion winning sons and daughters, diverse in their talents as winners in halter, pleasure, jumping, reining, roping, cattle classes, trail, side saddle, and racing.
GOER 1973 – ApHC Hall of Fame 1994 – The all-time leading sire of Appaloosa foals, with 703 on record to date, GOER made an immeasurable impact on the Appaloosa breed–setting a standard for conformation that will remain for generations. To date, sire of over 48 bronze and two silver medallions, as well as 46 Register of Merits. His get have earned 11,655 points in open, youth, and non-pro competition, with 6,974 of those points earned at halter.

DOUBLE SIX DOMINO 1943 – ApHC Hall of Fame 1988 – With limited showing, he was a National Champion Get-of-Sire in 1970 and placed in the top five in Get-of-Sire in 1960, 1962, and 1964. He sired many colourful winners in halter, performance, and racing–including 246 registered foals with a collective total of 23 performance points, one Register of Merit and one bronze medallion.
BRIGHT EYES BROTHER 1950 – ApHC Hall of Fame 1988 – Said to have charisma and style, lightly shown but greatly influenced the development of the breed. He sired 128 registered foals, and four bronze medallion winners–one of which accumulated 69 halter points.
MIGHTY BRIGHT 1960 – ApHC Hall of Fame 1988 – He impacted the breed substantially. Though injured as a youngster, he was an outstanding sire with offspring winning consistently. He sired 188 registered foals, including six bronze medallion winners in halter and performance and a total of 54 performance and 16 halter points.

WAPITI 1955 – ApHC Hall of Fame 1988 – He became one of the breed’s most influential foundation sires. He placed in the top three in the Get-of-Sire class, 1968-1970, sired 218 registered foals with a total of 268 performance points (by four horses), 192 halter points (by eight horses), six bronze medallions, five Register of Merit winners, one Superior Halter and two Superior Performance winners.
BRIGHT EYES BROTHER 1950 – ApHC Hall of Fame 1988 – Said to have charisma and style, lightly shown but greatly influenced the development of the breed. He sired 128 registered foals, and four bronze medallion winners–one of which accumulated 69 halter points.
THE EXECUTIVE 1973 – ApHC Hall of Fame 1993 – Who won every class he entered but one (he was reserve) and became National Champion Two Year-Old Stallion, he has more than 40 medallion winning sons and daughters, diverse in their talents as winners in halter, pleasure, jumping, reining, roping, cattle classes, trail, side saddle, and racing.

RUSTLER BILL 1954 – ApHC Hall of Fame 1996 – 33 grand champion stallion titles and make his permanent mark on Appaloosa history as one of the earliest pace setters for show horse competition. Among his get were halter and performance champions.
These horses are well recognised within the Bloodlines of the Appaloosa World, noted for more than outstanding performance, they appear in ALL our Redheart Foals.
TOBY I 1936 – ApHC National Champion Get of Sire, 1948 ApHC National Champion Performance Horse,
1948 ApHC National Champion Men’s Western Pleasure, 1948 ApHC National Champion Ladies Western Pleasure,
1948 ApHC National Champion Matched Pairs with Son Toby II and Sire of ApHC National Halter and Performance Champions.
TOBY II 1939 – National Champion Most Colourful Mount and Rider, 1948 ApHC National Champion Matched Pairs with Sire Toby I, 1948 ApHC National Champion 330 Yard Race, 1948 ApHC National Champion 1/4 Mile Race
ApHC National Champion Sire.
TOBY III 1944 – Multiple ApHC National Champion & ApHC National Champion Sire
TOBY IV 1953 – Champion 1955 Two yr. old stallions
FREELS CHICO 1947 – 1950 National Grand Champion Stallion; 1951 Res National Grand Champion Stallion & National Champ Get of Sire; 1954 Nat Champ Wallowa Windfall Race & Nat Champ Color; 1959 Nat Champ Eng Pleasure.
CHIEF CHELSEA 1947 – Sire of National Champions.
DUN ROVEN CHELSEAS IMAGE 1968 – National & World Top 10 Producer Sire of 2 X CRHA National Champions – Multiple R.O.M. producer.

Other Appaloosas noted historically, KNOBBY 1918 – AKA The Lamb Horse, FIRE EYES 1840 – Nez Perce owned and
BLUE HAWK 1898 – Ghost Wind Stallion plus lots of Appaloosas owned from the Sam Fisher Herd.

His blood lines are traced back with the Foundation Appaloosa Horse Registry at 92.9687%, he has a great history of Foundation horses behind him, from the first 8 Stud Books of the ApHC.

DREA Bluhawks Pataha FAHR #939 90.625%, DREA Fire Frangelica FAHR#938 95.3125%, DREA Comanchebluhawk FAHR#140 93.75, OaksPatchy Cloud FAHR #50 87.5%, Pratt Sully Fire FAHR #49 96.875%, DREA Blucomanchemaid FAHR #58 93.75%, KK’s Blu Phoenix FAHR #217 90.625%, Pratt Sul IM Tobena ApHC #522075 96.875%, Oakselah ApHC T346587 75%, SS Stillwater ApHC #266140 100%, Kemos Fire Shadow FAHR #18 100%, Pratts C Girls Im ApHC #422619 93.75%, KK’s Blu Phoenix FAHR #217 90.625%, Pratt Sul Im Tobena ApHC #522075 96.875%, Oklahomas Fly Boy ApHC #82099 100%, Kaniksus Karalea ApHC #498785 81.25%, KC Choc Chip “CC” ApHC #450182 93.75%, Pratts Sul Ima ApHC #448934 100%, Daymon ApHC T102655 75%, Lebars Kanina ApHC #452404 75%, XR’s War Bonnet ApHC #15048 100%, Running Water ApHC #162880 100%, Minindoka Snowy Britches ApHC #153025 100%, Kemo’s Kaprice ApHC #157145 100%, Pratts Sully Saska #167783 100%, Pratt Chelse Girl #331837 87.5%, Oklahomas Fly Boy ApHC #82099 100%, Kaniksus Karalea ApHC #498785 81.25%, KC Choc Chip “CC” ApHC #450182 93.75%, Pratts Sul Ima ApHC #448934 100%, Oklahoma F2398 100%, Shawnee City Sue #7171 100%, Kaniksus Spots #280805 87.5%,Kaniksus Krissie T304932 75%, KC Chipo Plaudit #376128 87.5%, Freckles Joker #377738 100%, Dun Roven Chelsea’s Image #191 100%, Pratts Sully Paty ApHC #298956 100%, Tumalo ApHC #46684 100%, Mona’s Daydream ApHC ID1675 50%, Wolf’s Tiny Bar ApHC #96409 50%, Wolf’s Bobby Socks ApHC T23648 100%, Surprise Patch F1677, Modock Ellie #5371, Warren’s Tribal Dance #48985, Radar’s Tonya #112601, Snake Rivers ApHC T220160 100%, Smokey Rock #42243, Thunder’s Kemosabe #52819, Centaur Ota Onspa #42688, Sully’s Chavelle #83964,Saska Chiquita #13049, Dun Roven Chelsea’s Image #191 100%, Pratts Sully To Geta #261150, Oklahoma F2398 100%, Shawnee City Sue #7171 100%, Kaniksus Spots #280805 87.5%, Kaniksus Krissie T304932 75%, KC Chipo Plaudit #376128 87.5%, Freckles Joker #377738 100%, Dun Roven Chelsea’s Image #191 100%, and Pratts Sully Paty ApHC #298956 100% in the first 6 generations.

Our breeding horses pedigrees can be seen here:








April Showers – First Bath 2020 For Appaloosa Yearlings

April 2020 is certainly a bit different from April 2019…Despite the sad news that surrounds the world with COVID-19 we are very much in a happy safe place here at Redheart Appaloosas, for which we are thankful for!

Here is a few pictures of our yearlings after their April Shower

Redheart Rookie

Redheart Reflection

Redheart Relentless

Redheart Revelation



Making 2021 Redheart Appaloosa Foals by Artifical Insemination (AI)

Frisky February

Artificial Insemination (AI) – A process that involves depositing good quality semen into the mare’s uterus at the right time, taking all necessary precaution to reduce infection.


There are many reasons why I decided to plan my barn the way I did, there are many reasons why I decided to complete an Artificial Insemination course and there are many reasons why I choose to try for early foals but all my reasons are due to my own personal thoughts on breeding and what suits me.

I’m employed full-time, up at 6am and home at 6pm, the work load I complete on my own and would never complain, breeding is a passion, every day is a school day and everything must work for me as an individual. Therefore, the stallion and mares must be cooperative in all manners, you can’t have a mare trying to get out of the stocks when you have fresh semen ready to be inserted.

To start at the beginning we needed to control our mares estrous cycle which is affected by light, turning the barn lights on at 6am and off at 10pm has given the mares 16 hours of “artificial light” and sure enough come February the 5th we saw our first mare “show” to our stallion.

This year we have 4 seasoned mares and 1 maiden, the seasoned mares are faultless with AI but we certainly prepared our maiden well in advance, washing her vagina, bandaging her tail and teaching her to stand quietly in the stocks well before AI could take place.

We invested last year in a set of stocks, a dummy mare and an AI “kit”, we successfully inseminated 4 mares, the mares were not a problem but teaching our stallion was certainly a challenge. The aim is for the stallion is to “flower” or “called belling” (which basically means he reaches the point of no return before ejaculation), I won’t go into detail, but our stallion went from being unbelievably shy to being obsessed and overly keen with the dummy! All his actions have been noted for future reference as his mating behaviour certainly changes with individual mares (such as he flowers and ejaculates within seconds with one of our mares but takes 4 or 5 minutes to even get aroused by another one of our mares). His sexual response (libido) certainly has increased this year with a very mature and sensible attitude.

AI takes less than 5 minutes to complete, from collection to insemination but preparation takes nearly an hour…
Many factors affect collecting from a stallion with an AV, temperature, the tightness or pressure that surrounds the AV, some like it loose whilst others like it tight, we have not experienced a “non-collection” from our stallion so I guess either we are doing what he likes or he really isn’t fussy? The last reason is the amount of lubrication (Ky jelly) used, remember, you are trying to mimic a vagina, if the AV is too slippery or too dry many stallions won’t ejaculate, I think we have this lube sorted 😉

As soon as our stallion sees the AV, the screaming starts, to an inexperienced person the noise is quite frightening but to a breeder its music! We are ready, hard hat on, steel toe capped boots, mare ready and stallion ready. The stallion’s stable is opposite the dummy and we put the mare in the stable parallel to him, her stable is opposite the stocks. We watch and wait for the stallion to become aroused and just as we see the flowering, we open the stable door, timed to perfection within a few strides he’s on the dummy making love to the AV like it’s his right and duty!

Our stallion likes to have what I call “his cigar moment”, after ejaculation, he always turns his head to the right, as if he’s looking at the mare – “was that good for you?”. He climbs off the dummy in a daze and he’s returned to the stable! The mare is then walked into the stocks and inseminated…

We have collected many times during February, we are convinced we have at least three mares pregnant but two just didn’t feel right, we’ll soon find out at their 16-day scan. At this first scan we gain vital information, first a positive pregnancy, secondly the detection of twins and thirdly by the size of the oocyte (egg) we can work out when ovulation took place and therefore predict the foaling date.

As a qualified AI technician, I can only use fresh and chilled semen, I can not use frozen. I am only allowed to use my certificate within the UK as per the Veterinary Surgeons Act 2010 No 2059. I must adhere to all limitations of disease control, for this reason I do not stand my stallion at public stud and do not have boarding mares here at Redheart Appaloosas, it’s just too impractical.

It will be wonderful to have all mares confirmed in foal earlier in the season to enable our stallion to compete back under saddle for the 2020 show season without him loosing weight fretting over in season mares…